Forum from March 13th, 2000 to March 27th,
Core Literature for Development Communication
Objective: To collect, review, select the landmark publications,
papers, articles, and audio-visual materials that have shaped
the discipline over the past three decades. Translation of abstracts
will be translated in the three working languages of Orbicom,
English, French, and Spanish.
Methodology: The process will be guided by the chair holders,
who because of their responsibility for a large portion of the
literature. A peer review system will be created, as well as the
criteria for deciding what is "core" regarding the evolution and
growth of the discipline. With an initial collection of 200-300
titles, 5 to 6 compilers/editors need to be identified, in addition
to a project manager. The final methodology must be designed by
the project partners.
Output: The end product will be a multi-media CD-ROM and/or web
site which contains an abstracted bibliography of the core literature
and the complete documents and materials which are abstracted.
Nature of Collaboration: Global in nature, with collaboration
between the chair holders and the associate members, initially
working in Spanish, French, and English. Other bodies of literature
in Chinese, Russian, Portuguese, Bahasa Indonesia, Arabic should
be considered for inclusion, but the abstracts will be in the
three working languages.
Time Frame: N/A
Budget: N/A (Possible sources of funding not identified)
Proposed by : Saik Yoon Chin
Title: Communications Research in Progress: Dissemination of
the Results of the Chairs Initiatives
Objective: To generate awareness, externally, of the resources
possessed by the Orbicom Network.
Methodology: Chair holders will submit the results of their research
in the respective fields, as well as identify research initiatives
Output: The information will be provided in a suitable format
for members of the network as well as the external community:
electronic and, fund permitting, print.
Nature of Collaboration: Global initiative, led by the Chair holders.
Time Frame: N/A
Proposed by: Goran
Title: Communications Networks and the Culture of Peace: Contributions
to Sustainable Development and Human Security
Objective: Using case studies from different regions of the
world, illustrate how communication networks contribute to sustainable
development and human security, how they contribute to the on-going
debate about the Culture of Peace. It is proposed to expand the
discussions on the contributions of communication networks to
the Culture of Peace within the membership of Orbicom at large
and with other like-minded networks.
Methodology: Ten regional case studies will be presented as follows:
1) The Canadian Experience with Training in Peacekeeping, Sustainable
Development and Human Security;
2) The Emergence and Social Appropriation of Networking Platforms:
Building New Types of Information Flows for Sustainable Development;
3) Womens Appropriation of Communication networks in Korea
and South East Asia and their Contribution to Equity and Peace;
4) Excluding Exclusion: Continuing Education and Distance Learning
for Underprivileged Groups in Africa;
5) New Eastern Europe Experiments in partnerships for Transition.
Socioeconomic Reconstruction and Sustainable Development;
6) The Socio-legal Challenges of Communication Networks beyond
7) Universal Human Rights Issues in the Maghreb Region: Media
Challenges and Practices in search of Sustainable Development;
8) Community Media Debates in Latin America: Democratic Experiments
in Search of a Culture of Peace;
9) Enhancing a Culture of Peace on the Internet: Challenges Ahead;
10) Communicating a Culture of Peace: A World Watch Experiment
for Sustainable Development and Human Security
Two co-editors will have responsibility for organizing the studies
into a cohesive monograph.
Output: A published monograph, in paper and electronic formats
Nature of Collaboration: Chair holders and associate members of
Orbicom will be the authors of the 10 case studies
Time Frame: N/A
Budget: Initiative dependent on securing external funding. Sources
are currently being explored.
Proposed by: Charles
Okigbo [firstname.lastname@example.org] and Danielle
Title: Communications and Ethnic Conflict
Objective: Research on the central theme of communication
and ethnic conflict could contribute to the opportunity of a new
understanding of the problem of communication and possibly move
toward the identification of new strategies of action in the field
of communication and social management.
Methodology: A Series of Case Studies in Conflict Management,
Peace Missions, Preventive Diplomacy, and Post Conflict Social
Output: Published monograph.
Nature of Collaboration: The chair holders and the associate members
of the ORBICOM Network can participate in their respective region,
toward the creation of this comparative analysis.
Time Frame: N/A
Proposed by: Claude-Yves
Title: UNESCO: World Communication Report
Objective: To contribute to a high quality World Communication
Report by preparing comprehensive chapters on a range of communications
issues, with supporting data. With the vast changes in communications
today, this type of report will be very valuable. (It could also
be accessed for a subscribers fee via the Internet, and
could be one of the resources ORBICOM is able to offer its members.)
Methodology: Within a sectorial approach, Chair holders and Associate
members should be contributors to some of the chapters; within
a more comprehensive approach, Chair holders would act as the
coordinating point, and interact with the associate members, both
academics and private sector. Two chair holders would then be
identified to be the overall editors, for Orbicoms input
to the Report, ensuring consistency and high quality.
Output: Chapters in the UNESCO World Communication Report; or
the management of the editorial process as a whole.
Nature of Collaboration: Chair holders coordinating the initiative
with input from the associate members.
Time Frame: To be determined by UNESCO
Proposed by: Helen Molnar
[email@example.com] and Claude-Yves
Title: NICTs and Trust-Building Mechanisms
Objective: To undertake comparative research, concentrating
on some trust-intensive issues, such as the usage of filtering/blocking/rating
software, and the topics of access, authorship, and privacy, in
order to find out to what extent trust-building mechanisms are
universal or cultural-dependent
Methodology: Preliminary step is to establish six regional groups
in the Orbicom Network: chair holders and associate members. Methodology
not fully presented.
Output: A published monograph (?)
Nature of Collaboration: ORBICOM Network members in six regions.
Time Frame: N/A
Budget: External funding required. UNESCO may be able to contribute
to the research activity. However, the German Volkswagen Foundation
is a likely source for support.
Proposed by: Rainer
Title: A Regional Training Workshop: based upon the Kothmale
Internet Community Radio Project model
Objective: Within the Action Plan/ Regional Training Workshop
component, conduct a training workshop for members of other community
radios in the region, based on the Kothmale initiative model,
which has as its Objective to empower local communities to take
advantage of new communication technologies and thus foster democratic
participation in social development.
Specifically the Objectives are to :
1) utilize radio to overcome lack of access and linguistic limitations
in order to create shared interpretation of the information retrieved
through the Internet;
2) use local radio as an effective outreach interface between
the people and the Internet; and
3) develop a community database that could eventually be used
for local communities to retrieve and deposit data for educational
and information requirements.
Methodology: Via training sessions, demonstrate the interface
between new and old technologies, linking grassroots communities
to the Internet, in a modest, well focussed and pragmatic communication
and develop initiative. There must be a commitment from the governmental
authorities to provide telecommunication facilities for the initial
stage, either free of charge or at a subsidiary rate.
Output: Training Workshops in developing regions of the world
Nature of Collaboration: Partnership between chair holders and
associates in all regions who are interested in working on development
Time Frame: To be completed before the end of 2000.
Budget: UNESCO may be able to assist with the negotiation with
the telecom authorities in the developing countries concerned
to obtain access to an internet link at a reasonable cost.
Proposed by: Claude-Yves
Title: Knowledge Network
Objective: To serve as an electronic forum for on-going assessment
and exchange of information on communication trends, training
needs and opportunities. This will be accomplished by acting as
a clearinghouse for the collection and distribution of information.
Methodology: Collect and circulate information across institutional
and professional boundaries policy making, the multi-lateral
sector, universities, private think-tanks, journalism associations,
and professional organizations. Disseminate reports on the state
of information and communications in each region, as well as case
studies relating to capacity building.
Output: Regularly published reports and case studies in electronic
and printed formats.
Nature of Collaboration: Total Orbicom membership.
Time Frame: By the end of 2001
Proposed by: Approved Orbicom Action Plan, 1999, Claude-Yves
Learning to Learn Regional Training Workshops
In response to the growing gap between employment and training
in communications, it is proposed to organize a series of regional
workshops for the training and retraining of communication professionals
for the new knowledge economy.
The training shall be based on the needs of the different regions.
It will target management, professionals, new information workers,
and educators. Concrete multi-media skills and team-building skills
will be developed. An evaluation will be conducted to refine and
build capacity for subsequent phases.
of Collaboration: These Workshops will be designed and delivered
through partnerships amongst ORBICOM members, and between institutions
of learning and the private sector.
Frame: Before the end of 2001.
by: The approved ORBICOM Action Plan, 1999, Claude-Yves
Creation of an ICT School in Francophone West Africa
Objective: In response to a request from the Ivory Coast,
and based upon the expertise at the Université du Québec
àMontreal, the UNESCO-Bell Chair has offered its services
for the implementation of this project.
Methodology: Installation of a Multimedia Technical Infrastructure,
Training of Teachers, and Program Delivery.
Output: Creation of a graduate level program in Information and
Communication Technologies in the Ivory Coast.
Nature of Collaboration: An invitation to participate in the area
of connectivity, specifically in creating a network on connectivity
between the Chair holders and Associate members, both within this
on-going initiative in the Ivory Coast; an invitation also to
participate in a feasibility study in the transferability of such
an initiative in other regions, including in the Americas.
Time Frame: N/A
Budget: Relating to the graduate school of ICT in Francophone
West Africa, sources of funding are: CIDA; Government of Quebec
- Ministry of International Affairs; and Agence de la Francophonie,
Francophone Information Highway Fund.
Proposed by: Jean-Paul Lafrance
The Societal Aspects of the Advancements in Information Technology
on Developing Countries, with Emphasis on Asia: A Discussion
Objective: To have a dialogue amongst multi-lateral organizations,
developed nations and governments of the developing nations toward
developing mechanisms and provide aid in order that the benefits
of the advancements in information and communication technologies
reach the grassroots level of a developing society.
Methodology: A discussion forum
Output: The initiation of training programs in local software
development in developing countries
Nature of Collaboration: All ORBICOM members who are interested
in development communications and have as their specialisation
Time Frame: N/A
Proposed by: R. Mahesh K Sinha
Inter-Regional Dialogue on Communication Projects Relevant to
Objective: To compare the experiences of use of community
media, as an instrument in development communication projects.
The strong and weak points of the experiences would be compared
with a view to applying the appropriate approaches to future projects.
Methodology: Not developed
Output: An electronic forum
Nature of Collaboration: All Orbicom members who are involved
in development communication.
Time Frame: N/A
Proposed by: Mody Sory
The Concentration of Ownership in the Communication Field
To undertake a major global research initiative that would seek
1) assess the real contribution of the media to democracy and
2) determine the level of concentration of ownership in the communication
field, specifically in the countries where the ORBICOM Network
has chair holders;
3) Assess the social, political, and economic factors, real and
perceived, in the countries of the North and South, in the areas
of Freedom of Expression, Editorial Policies, Access, related
industries, and Market Forces;
4) Evaluate, for each of the countries under study, the existence,
or the lack there of, of public policy, and adequate policies
for the situations under review; and
5) evaluate the factors, real or perceived, related to democracy,
good governance, and informed societies.
Electronic and print publications.
of Collaboration: Chair holders and associate members.
Although a budget figure is not given, potential partners are
identified. They are UNESCO, bilateral agencies concerned with
the issues of this project, and WTO and ACCT who have indicated
interest in the research initiative as well as the results.
by: Claude-Yves Charron